Everything about Planting Aquilaria Tree

Agarwood Plantations

A few details about AgarWood

Preferred Scientific Name: Aquilaria malaccensis
Other Scientific Name: Agallochum malaccense, Aquilaria agallocha, Aquilaria ovata, Aquilariella malaccensis.
Preferred Common Name: Agarwood
International Common Names: aloeswood; eaglewood
Local Name (India): agaru, sasi


How does one produce Agarwood?

Once the Aquilaria tree also known as Agarwood is 5 years of age, it is tainted with fungus the process is known as artificial immunization. The organism contamination inside the tree makes sweet-smelling sap and step by step a resinous wood is delivered. It is alluded to as agarwood. Manual damage or bug pervasion in the stem prompts parasite contamination. This is finished by injuring the tree trunk, in these wounds organism are infused. Stress condition in the tree upgrades spreading disease so a tree is pushed for the same. Consequently, organism contamination through the harmed some portion of tree spreads and the bigger wood volume gets tainted. Shading around the injury changes from darker to dim suggesting disease process is advancing. It takes 4-5 years for Aquilaria tree to create agarwood profound inside its trunk.

Which is the best suitable time for planting Agarwood?

Agarwood can be harvested in any agro-environment throughout the year, but it is generally planted towards the beginning of monsoon from June-September. The Agarwood tree can be grown on a variety of soil types, although the moist condition is the best suited for seedlings to start budding growth. There are rare cases where some of these trees can be found in steep, rocky regions with the hot or dry condition.

Which are the common Aquilaria species that produce agarwood?

Mostly, there are 17 Aquilaria species that are known for producing agarwood. The best-known species among them are Aquilaria crassna, Aquilaria malaccensis and Aquilaria agollocha. While the endangered malaccensis species has been protected worldwide since 1995 under the CITES convention, all other Aquilaria species are included under CITES protection since 2004.

How can we decide whether the tree is ready to harvest or not?

From the outer appearance of the tree, it is often difficult to decide whether to harvest or not. To produce agarwood, the tree needs to be infected from the wound or trunk injury. A dark yellow tint on the wood tissues and dieback symptoms on the twigs, branches, and shoots are some of the deciding factors of harvest time. Stem distortion, rotten branches, leafless limbs and smaller leaves help to assure the deposits of agarwood inside the trunk.

What is the average number of saplings planted in one-acre land?

We can plant approximately 600-800 saplings in one acre of land. The maximum growth period of agarwood tea is around 10 years.

What is the next stage after the tree is selected for harvesting?

The trunk of the selected tree is cut down into two feet long log. The infected logs with agarwood deposits are separated based on the odour, colour, and density. While the white disinfected wood is removed, the sorted infected logs are dried, polished and classified in accordance with the market standards.

Which is the most preferred time for Agarwood oil extraction?

Agarwood is sold as barks, chips, sticks, powder, and oil in the global market. Oil is obtained by the delicate process of distillation. First and foremost the processed agarwood chips/sticks/powder is soaked in water and allowed to ferment. Later the entire mix is shifted in distillation kettles for steaming. Due to heat inside the kettle the oil starts floating on the upper surface. Water and oil are separated with utmost care Every single drop of agar essential oil is worth enormously. The oil extracted during dormancy possesses the best fragrance as the oil carry less waxy substances during that time. Even the by-products of this process fetch a good price.

What is the approximate total expenditure for agarwood plantation?

The gross expense of the plantation depends on the expenditure for land preparation, sapling cost, plantation cost, labour charge, cost of pesticides/fertilizer, inoculation charge and other miscellaneous expenses.

How stable is the agarwood market in the present scenario?

Due to the wide industry market for Agarwood, the demand for this unique wood has remained stable for the last few decades. The decline in natural supply has resulted in a price increase resulting in a massive market opportunity for a sustainable business. Its lasting properties and rich values make Agarwood market ripe for the picking.